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2014年自考英语考试阅读理解讲解13

分类:自考英语发布于:2015/1/29

    Interact use appears to cause a drop in psychological health, according to research at Carnegie Mellon University.
    Even people who spent just a few hours a week on the Internet experienced more bad feelings and loneliness than those who was online less frequently, the two-year study showed. Researchers are puzzling over the results, which were completely contrary to their expectations. They expected that the Net would prove socially healthier than television, since the Net allows users to choose their information and to communicate with others.
    The fact that Internet use reduces time available for family and friends may account for the drop in psychological health, researchers hypothesized (推测). Faceless, bodiless"virtual"(虚的) communication may be less psychologically satisfying than actual conversation, and the relationships formed through it may be shallower. Another possibility is that exposure to the wider world through the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives.转自环 球 网 校edu24ol.com
    "But it' s important to remember this is not about the technology, it' s about how it is used,"says psychologist Christine Riley of Intel, one of the study' s sponsors (发起人). "It really points to the need for considering social factors in terms of how you design applications and services for technology. "
    36. What's the finding of the research undertaken at Carnegie Mellon University?
    A) People spend more time on the Internet now.
    B) People spend less time with their families and friends now.
    C) The Net proves socially healthier than television.
    D) Internet use may cause a drop in psychological health.
    37. What had the researchers expected before the research?
    A) The Net may account for the drop in psychological health.
    B) Internet use may improve social health.
    C) Internet use has nothing to do with social health.
    D) Spending much time on the Internet makes people feel bad and lonely.
    38. Which is not true according to the passage?转自环 球 网 校edu24ol.com
    A) The Net allows users to choose their information and to communicate with others.
    B) Internet communication may be less psychologically satisfying than actual conversation.
    C) Undeveloped Internet technology causes the drop in psychological health.
    D) The wider world through the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives.
    39. What does Christine Riley, the psychologist, suggest?
    A) It's necessary to take social factors into account in designing applications and services for technology.
    B) It's important to tell the users how to design and apply the technology.
    C) Compared with social factors, the technology itself has more influence on the Internet users.
    D) No social factors should be considered in applications and services for technology.
    40. Which of the following would be the most appropriate title for the passage?
    A) How to Use the Internet
    B) Disadvantages of the Internet
    C) Social Factors and the Internet
    D) Internet May Cause Bad Feelings
    参考译文
    根据Carnegie Mellon大学的研究,网络的使用似乎能造成人的心理健康水平下降。
    历时两年的研究表明,即便是一周只上几个小时网的人也比更不经常上网的人更多地体会到坏心情和孤独感。研究者对这一结果大惑不解,因为这与他们所预料的情况完全相反。因为网络能使人选择信息并与他人交流,所以他们期望网络比电视更能使社会和谐。
    研究者推测,网络的使用减少了可用于与家人及朋友相处的时间,这一事实可能是造成心理健康下降的原因。不见面而且无形的虚拟交流在心理满足方面比不上真实对话,而且通过虚拟交流建立的关系更肤浅。另一个可能性是网络使用者可以接触更宽广的世界反而对自己的生活感到不满。
    研究的发起人之一,英特尔心理学家Christine Riley说:"要记得有一点很重要:这并非技术的错,而是人们怎样利用它。它确实暗示出在如何设计技术应用和技术服务方面考虑社会因素的必要性。"
    答案及精解
    36.【答案精解】D。细节题。从第一句Internet use appears to cause a drop in psychological health,according to research at Carnegie Mellon University我们可以得出研究的结果是网络造成人的心理健康下降。
    37.【答案精解】B。细节题。从文章中第二段最后一句They expected that the Net would prove socially healthier than television可得出B为正确答案。
    38.【答案精解】C。判断题。对照原文,只有选项C没有被提及,其他三项在原文中都可找到。A项源自第二段最后一句,B项与第三段第二句相对应,D项源自第三段最后一句。
    39.【答案精解】A。细节题。在文章中Christine Riley所说的话"It really points to the need for considering social factors in terms of how you design applications and services for technology."可以直接得出答案。
    40.【答案精解】D。主旨题。文章的中心思想是网络给人造成的坏心情及产生这一结果的原因,所以最佳标题是"网络可能导致坏心情"。

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