3edu教育网手机版 导航
┣ 3edu教育网 >> 英语角 >> 英语新闻 >> 科技Science >> 正文



    Despite all the related problems which contribute to obesity1 such as stress, the main cause is... eating too much. Recent studies have shown that people tend to overeat when they are stressed out – often creating a negative cycle of eating more, gaining weight and then getting stressed out about gaining weight – especially during the holiday season with Thanksgiving and Christmas.   "We eat not just because we are hungry and craving2 nutrients3, but also for a host of emotional and habitual4 reasons. There is no single term that ennetpasses5(包含,围绕) the netbination of lifestyle, hedonic, emotional, or habitual over-eating that leads to obesity."   When traditional methods pretty much failed, scientists started thinking out the box, designing new, innovative6 ways to help anxious overeaters get rid of this habit, or at least be more aware about it. Along with stress and eating apps engineers and designers at Microsoft Research recently invented a stress-busting bra made with special material that monitors the wearers moods and helps reduce stress eating.   "It's mostly women who are emotional overeaters, and it turns out that a bra is perfect for measuring EKG (electrocardiogram)," said Mary Czerwinski, a cognitive7 psychologist and senior researcher in visualization8 and interaction at Microsoft. "We tried to do the same thing for mens underwear but it was too far away (from the heart)."   The stress monitoring bra, which was initially9 presented at the Society for Affective Computing10 conference was recently tested by a group of volunteers, who reported getting accurate information about their moods. The results seem promising11 enough to see it on the shelf in the near future, especially considering that it's probably going to be pretty cheap. Microsoft built it with a standard microprocessor12 powered by a 3.7-volt battery. It's able to simultaneously13 monitor up to eight bio-signal channels simultaneously, according to Czerwinski's research paper, "Food and Mood: Just-in-Time Support for Emotional Eating".   The sensors15 track heart rate and respiration16 with an EKG sensor14, skin conductance with an electrodermal activity sensor, and movement with an accelerometer and gyroscope – and they can do all of this from a bra. All this information can, when taken as a whole, accurately17 depict18 if the user is stressed and stream the results to a smartphone app or a netputer.   The only bad thing is that the battery life is pretty small – they only last for about 4 hours, and then they have to be changed, but researchers are currently trying to find a way around this – they're trying to find alternative ways to monitor these parameters19, in a way that requires less energy.
    1 obesity      n.肥胖,肥大 参考例句:
    One effect of overeating may be obesity.吃得过多能导致肥胖。
    Sugar and fat can more easily lead to obesity than some other foods.糖和脂肪比其他食物更容易导致肥胖。
    2 craving      n.渴望,热望 参考例句:
    a craving for chocolate 非常想吃巧克力
    She skipped normal meals to satisfy her craving for chocolate and crisps. 她不吃正餐,以便满足自己吃巧克力和炸薯片的渴望。
    3 nutrients      n.(食品或化学品)营养物,营养品( nutrient的名词复数 ) 参考例句:
    a lack of essential nutrients 基本营养的缺乏
    Nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream. 营养素被吸收进血液。 来自《简明英汉词典》
    4 habitual      adj.习惯性的;通常的,惯常的 参考例句:
    He is a habitual criminal.他是一个惯犯。
    They are habitual visitors to our house.他们是我家的常客。
    5 ennetpasses      v.围绕( ennetpass的第三人称单数 );包围;包含;包括 参考例句:
    The job ennetpasses a wide range of responsibilities. 这项工作涉及的职责范围很广。
    Its conservation law ennetpasses both its magnitude and its direction. 它的守恒定律包括大小和方向两方面。 来自辞典例句
    6 innovative      adj.革新的,新颖的,富有革新精神的 参考例句:
    Discover an innovative way of marketing.发现一个创新的营销方式。
    He was one of the most creative and innovative engineers of his generation.他是他那代人当中最富创造性与革新精神的工程师之一。
    7 cognitive      adj.认知的,认识的,有感知的 参考例句:
    As children grow older,their cognitive processes benete sharper.孩子们越长越大,他们的认知过程变得更为敏锐。
    The cognitive psychologist is like the tinker who wants to know how a clock works.认知心理学者倒很像一个需要通晓钟表如何运转的钟表修理匠。
    8 visualization      n.想像,设想 参考例句:

[1] [2]  下一页

  • 上篇:
  • 下篇:
  • 查看本站更多关于科技Science的文章
  • 网友同时还浏览了:

    触屏版 电脑版 客户端

    © 3edu教育网 3edu.net版权所有