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  1. 用副词开头,常见的情形有:

  (1)。 副词修饰全句

  Luckily, he didn’t know my phone number; otherwise, he would bother me.

  Incredibly, Helena got straightA in her school report this semester.

  Interestingly, cats and dogscan hardly get along well in a house.

  修饰全句常用的副词有:obviously, undoubtedly, apparently, fortunately, clearly, unfortunately, incredibly, luckily, unluckily, surprisingly, frighteningly

  这些副词大多数表示说话人对全句的看法,在意思上相等与“It is … + adj. + that …”


  Obviously, he is nervous aboutthe test. = It is obvious that he is nervous about the test.

  Unfortunately, he tripped overand fell in the mud. = It is unfortunate that he tripped over and fell in themud.

  (2)。 强调副词:

  Hurriedly, the man drew me ascratch map to show me the direction.

  Dangerously, the drunkard sped down the street.

  Slowly and gently, snowflakes were drifting down from the sky.

  (3)。 副词表示某一地域或某一领域:

  Geographically, Canada is thebiggest country in the world.

  Financially, she isindependent, but emotionally she is dependent.

  2. 用插入语开头,表示说话人的态度,或使句子的意思更加准确:

  Strangely enough, Jennifer doesnot enjoy sunshine and beach.

  Generally speaking, winter inVancouver is gloomy.

  类似的插入语有:no wonder, nodoubt, in other words, in my opinion, in conclusion, in fact, as a matter offact

  3. 用形容词、并列形容词或形容词短语开头,修饰句子的主语,表示主语的特征或状态:

  Frantic, the young mother rushed out the door with the baby in her arms.

  Tasty and crisp, potato chip are a favorite snack for both children and adults.

  Happy at his good marks at school, the little boy skipped on his way home.

  Desperate and hopeless, the poor man committed suicide.

  4. 用分词、分词短语开头:

  (1)。 修饰句子主语,表示主语所处的状态或主语同时进行的另一个较谓语动词次要的动作:

  Scared, the girl moved timidly an

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